from the diary of anne frank
Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
Confide - Share private, personal thoughts or feelings with someone you trust.
Capitulate - To give up fighting or arguing with someone or something, or to surrender.
Fatalistic - Believing things are fated or destined to turn out a certain way, and there is nothing you can do to change them.
Clandestine - Secretly, or something done without anyone else knowing.
Pedantic - Nit picky, too focused on small mistakes or correcting minor problems.
Quarrel - Argument or verbal disagreement.
Tumultuous - Almost confusingly loud or exciting; noisy and not orderly.
Coquette - A woman or girl who flirts a lot in order to get attention from men.
Tirade - Speaking loudly about something that makes you angry, a rant.
Diligent - Persistent in a work effort.
Indignant - Angry or upset because you feel something is unjust or unfair.
Despondent - Hopelessly sad.
Point Of View: Anne speaks in the first person and addresses her diary as a friend. Although she begins writing the diary without any intention of it being read or published, she later writes with the idea that the record of her experiences might be read by others to learn more about the writer.
Tone: Anne writes from the perspective of a young girl, so her tone is often emotional and insecure, and she is both critical of herself and others. Her accounts are highly personal and philosophical. She expresses her deep struggle to understand her evolving self, both in relation to her family and to the tumultuous world outside the annex.
Major Conflict: The perils of living in hiding to escape Nazi persecution of Jewish people; this immediate struggle in Anne’s life occurs within the context of the sweeping conflict of World War II.
Themes The loneliness of adolescence; the inward versus the outward self; generosity and greed in wartime
In this article, you will be reading From the Diary of Anne Frank Summary which is based on the background of World War II. This is an autobiography of a young girl Anne Frank, who expresses her thought in a diary. Her father has gifted the Diary on her 13th birthday, which she calls with the name of ‘Kitty’.
Anne Frank is a Jewish girl who is hiding during World War II, in order to avoid the Nazis. She shares her experience and the story during her time of depression. Thus, she puts her energy into studying and writing, gaining knowledge of politics and literature. After her death, she becomes world famous because of the Diary.
The author feels that it is strange and unusual for her to write a diary because it is the first time she is doing it. She feels that in the future no one will read about a young girl’s past experiences. But then she puts these thoughts away and decides to write her thoughts.
The author is feeling very lonely as she has no friends to talk to. She wants to give her need of friend a shape, hence decides to name the diary as “kitty”. The writer feels that the paper has more capacity to absorb thoughts rather than people who have low patience level. She has a good time with friends but cannot share everything with them as they are not true friends. She refers to her father as the most lovable who presents her the Diary on her 13th birthday.
On June 20, 1942, she mentions how her class is nervous about their results. The author says that the only subject she is unsure about is mathematics. She and her friend, G are trying to stop the students from making noise, but to no avail. According to the author, about the quarter of the class should not pass as they do not participate in any activities.
Anne recalls how the maths teacher is constantly irritated by her talkativeness. While talking in his classes he gives her extra homework as punishment. The first punishment is to write an essay on “Chatterbox”, which the author thinks as weird. She imagines about the topic and decides to present concrete arguments in support of talking. She writes that she will try to better herself but cannot eliminate talking completely. The professor finds it amusing but allots another topic after she did not change her nature.
The topic is 'An Incorrigible Chatterbox' which refers to a habit that is difficult to change. After keeping an eye on her, the professor gives her another topic, Quack, Quack, Quack, Said Mistress Chatterbox, as a punishment. She runs out of thought after writing two times on a similar topic. She decides to write her third topic in the form of a poem and writes a satire and luckily the professor takes it lightly. The professor recites the entire poem in front of the class and the author talked uninterruptedly after this.
Conclusion of From the Diary of Anne FrankIn the story From the Diary of Anne Frank, we can conclude that a young student needs to talk and feel joyous in order to stay mentally fit.
video of the lesson
An animated feature film on Anne Frank
short questions and answers
Q: Describe Anne’s Feelings about having a diary.
Ans: Anne feels it is silly for a 13 years old teenager to have a diary as it would seem she has many friends and other people to talk to, but in reality, she states she feels very lonely in the world. She wishes her diary to become her friend.
Q: Why does Anne Frank think that ‘paper’ has more patience than ‘people’?
Ans: Anne believes that paper has more patience than people
because it listens to her more patiently and silently it does not react like other people and also because she can confide in her diary all her secrets.
Q: What does Anne Frank tell about her family in her diary?
Ans: Anne Frank tells that she has very lovely and caring family.
Her parents and her elder sister love her a lot. There are about thirty people near by her whom she can call friends. She has loving aunts and a good home but she wants to have a true friend with whom she can share her feelings and thoughts.
Q: Describe your views about Mr Keesing as a teacher.
Ans: Mr Keesing seems to be a strict teacher but he actually believes taking actions with good intention and for the development of children. He tries to control her bad habit of talking too much but as soon as he is convinced that her habit does not affect her studies, he overlooks her shortcoming.
Q: What does Anne write in her first essay to support her habit of talking so much?
Ans: Anne Frank supports her nantte by stating that talking is a student’s trait and she will try to control it. But she also says that she has got it from her mother and such inherited traits cannot be curbed.
Q: What was Mr Keesing’s reaction after reading Anne’s poem on the third essay that he had given to her to write?
Ans: When Mr Keesing read Anne’s poem on the third essay that he had given her to write, he took the joke the right way. He understood the intention of Anne and felt it in good humour. After that he allowed her to talk and did not punish her by assigning her extra work.
Q: Why was Anne’s entire class anxious and nervous?
Ans: Anne’s class was anxious and nervous about the result. It was yet to be decided who would be promoted to the higher class or who would not because many deserved it.
Q: Describe Anne’s love for her grandmother.
Ans: When Anne’s grandmother died, she stated that no one could understand her intensity of her love for her grandma. She also said that no one could imagine how much she thought of her. Lighting up extra candle for her during her birthday showed her love for grandmother.
Q: Describe about Anne Frank’s early education.
Ans: Anne Frank got her early education at the
Montessori Nursery School until she was six. She started in the first form and in the sixth form, she had developed such a good relation with her headmistress Mrs Kuperus that both of them were in tears on the farewell.
long questions and answers
Q: Anne called 26th July a ‘tumultuous’ day. Explain the reasons behind it.
Ans: Anne called 26th July a tumultuous day as it was full of tension and fright. The first warning siren was sent off in the morning but nobody paid any attention to it because it only meant that the planes were crossing the coast. The siren alarmed again around 2 O’clock in the afternoon. Anne and her sister went upstairs but after five minutes they heard loud gunshots. After half an hour, drone of engines faded and life became normal. The city was enveloped in thick fog. But after dinner time, there was another gun-fire round and swarms of planes. The air was buzz with the drone of engines. Nobody was able to sleep that night because it repeated again at midnight.
Q: Why did Anne think that she could confide more in her diary than in the people?
Ans: Anne Frank did not have a friend with whom she could share now. Although she had spent a good time with her friends but she was unable to share her views and thoughts with them. When she got her diary, she decided to share everything with it because she believed that nobody would be interested enough in her musings. So, she treated her diary as her best friend. It would keep her life a secret and would not react like people. She confided everything in the diary; her family, her fear, her loneliness, her life and considered it her best friend.
Q: Who helped Anne in writing the essay and how?
Ans: Anne was fond of talking a lot. Mr Keesing punished her and gave her essays to write one after another as she didn’t stop talking in the class. When she was asked to write the essay on Ans. the topic ‘Quack, Quack, Quack said Mistress Chatterbox’ she decided to make it original. Her friend Sanne helped her as she was good at poetry and suggested her to write the entire essay in verse. Anne tried to play a joke on Mr Keesing with the essay. Mr Keesing took it in the right way and read it in the class. He understood that she was not a dull student, but talkative so he allowed her to talk and did not punish her again.
Q: Write the character sketch of Anne Frank.
Ans: Anne Frank was born on 12th June 1929 in Frankfurt Germany. She was four years old when her father went to Holland to find a better place for his family to live. She was very intelligent and always wanted to become a writer. She loved Peter even when she had to face opposition from her family in this regard.
She was a very good reader as well, she continued reading books, translated chapters, wrote down the vocabulary and worked hard on her skills. Like any child, she loved her parents but later grew a dislike towards her mother as she compared Anne to Margot. She was always jealous with her. She believed that time would come when the problems would be over. She felt alone although there were thirty people around her but she hardly could call anyone a true friend. Anne died of typhus in the concentration camp at Berger-Belsen in late February or early March of 1945.
Q: ‘Paper has more patience than people’. Justify.
‘Paper has more patience than people’. Do you agree with the statement?
Ans: Anne believes that people are not interested in other’s life as they are stuck with their own problems so it is really hard to get someone who can give importance to her diary. People feel bored and become impatient when we talk about our problems.
On the other hand when we write our feelings and thoughts on paper , we can write as long as we want without thinking of anyone, intention as it doesn’t react. We can share our feelings, both sad and happy. It never gets bored or stops us to write. It behaves like a true friend who keeps your secret and listens to you patiently. So she thinks that paper has more patience than people.
Q: “From the diary of Anne Frank’ throws light on teacher-student relationship, class atmosphere and discipline.
Write a paragraph on the values of these aspects of school and how far these values are necessary for learning and life.
Ans: “The diary of Anne Frank” clearly describes the teacher-student relationship, class atmosphere and discipline. Anne who talks a lot in the class gets punished by Mr Keesing her Maths teacher. He asks her to write essays as punishment which is learning in disguise because he wanted her to focus on studies. He cannot be blamed for the punishment as he did it for the development of Anne. The teacher-student relationship is very respectful and sacred. It is about discipline and classroom manners which are essential for every student as well as teacher, otherwise both teaching or learning could hamper. This relationship is clearly shown in Mr Keesing and Anne Frank actions as they both try to joke on each other but in very humorous and healthy manner. So this healthy relationship is needed everywhere in the class for effective teaching and learning.
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